This chapter explains how to build and install the Ada Web Application framework.

Before Building

Before building the framework, you will need:

First get, build and install the above tools and libraries. For the best experience, it is necessary to have the SSL support in Ada Web Server. Indeed, the OpenID Authentication 2.0 can only be used through HTTPS.

The build process may also need the following commands:

  • make (GNU make),
  • gprbuild,
  • gprinstall,
  • unzip,
  • sqlite3,
  • mysql,
  • psql,
  • xsltproc,
  • liblzma libraries (used by Ada LZMA),
  • CURL libraries (used by CURL support in Ada Utility Library)

The Ada Web Application library also uses the following projects:

They are integrated as Git submodules.

Getting the sources

The AWA framework uses git submodules to integrate several other projects. To get all the sources, use the following commands:

   git clone --recursive
   cd ada-awa

Development Host Installation

The PostgreSQL, MySQL and SQLite development headers and runtime are necessary for building the Ada Database Objects driver. The configure script will use them to enable the ADO drivers. The configure script will fail if it does not find any database driver.


First to get the LZMA and CURL support, it is necessary to install the following packages before configuring AWA:

sudo apt-get install liblzma-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev

MySQL Development installation

sudo apt-get install libmysqlclient-dev

MariaDB Development installation

sudo apt-get install mariadb-client libmariadb-client-lgpl-dev

SQLite Development installation

sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev

PostgreSQL Development installation

sudo apt-get install postgresql-client libpq-dev

FreeBSD 12

First to get the LZMA, XML/Ada and CURL support, it is necessary to install the following packages before configuring AWA:

pkg install lzma-18.05 curl-7.66.0 xmlada-17.0.0_1 aws-17.1_2

MariaDB Development installation:

pkg install mariadb104-client-10.4.7 mariadb104-server-10.4.7

SQLite Development installation:

pkg install sqlite3-3.29.0

PostgreSQL Development installation:

pkg install postgresql12-client-12.r1 postgresql12-server-12.r1

Once these packages are installed, you may have to setup the following environment variables:

export PATH=/usr/local/gcc6-aux/bin:$PATH
export ADA_PROJECT_PATH=/usr/local/lib/gnat


It is recommended to use msys2 available at and use the pacman command to install the required packages.

pacman -S git
pacman -S make
pacman -S unzip
pacman -S base-devel --needed
pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-sqlite3

For Windows, the installation is a little bit more complex and manual. You may either download the files from MySQL and SQLite download sites or you may use the files provided by Ada Database Objects and Ada LZMA in the win32 directory.

For Windows 32-bit, extract the files:

cd ada-ado/win32 && unzip
cd ada-lzma/win32 && unzip

For Windows 64-bit, extract the files:

cd ada-ado/win32 && unzip
cd ada-lzma/win32 && unzip

If your GNAT 2019 compiler is installed in C:/GNAT/2019, you may install the liblzma, MySQL and SQLite libraries by using msys cp with:

cp ada-lzma/win32/*.dll C:/GNAT/2019/bin
cp ada-lzma/win32/*.dll C:/GNAT/2019/lib
cp ada-lzma/win32/*.a C:/GNAT/2019/lib
cp ada-ado/win32/*.dll C:/GNAT/2019/bin
cp ada-ado/win32/*.dll C:/GNAT/2019/lib
cp ada-ado/win32/*.lib C:/GNAT/2019/lib
cp ada-ado/win32/*.a C:/GNAT/2019/lib

Ada Web Server

The Ada Web Server should be compiled with the SSL support if you want to use the OAuth 2.0 protocol and integrate with Google or Facebook authentication systems. The AWS version shipped with GNAT 2019 and GNAT 2020 will not work because it does not support SSL.

You may build AWS by using:

   git clone --recursive -b 20.2
   cd aws
   make SOCKET=openssl setup build install


The library uses the configure script to detect the build environment, check for Ada Utility Library library. The configure script provides several standard options and you may use:

  • --prefix=DIR to control the installation directory,
  • --enable-shared to enable the build of shared libraries,
  • --disable-static to disable the build of static libraries,
  • --enable-distrib to build for a distribution and strip symbols,
  • --disable-distrib to build with debugging support,
  • --enable-coverage to build with code coverage support (-fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage),
  • --with-aws=PATH to control the installation path of Ada Web Server,
  • --with-xmlada=PATH to control the installation path of XML/Ada,
  • --help to get a detailed list of supported options.

In most cases you will configure with the following command:


By default, the framework will be installed in /usr/local directory. If you want to install the framework in a specific directory, use the --prefix option as follows:

./configure --prefix=/opt/install-awa


After configuration is successful, you can build the library by running:



The installation is done by running the install target:

make install


To use the library in an Ada project, add the following line at the beginning of your GNAT project file:

with "awa";

Depending on your application, you may also need to add the following GNAT projects which are provided by one or several of the libraries that Ada Web Application relies on:

with "utilada";
with "elada";
with "security";
with "servletada";
with "servletada_aws";
with "asf";
with "ado_mysql";
with "ado_sqlite";
with "ado_postgresql";

The library comes with several optional modules that you decide to use according to your needs. When you decide to use a module, you should add the GNAT project that corresponds to the module you wish to integrate For example, to use the Jobs and Wikis modules, you will need the following lines in your GNAT project:

with "awa_jobs";
with "awa_wikis";